Disseminating Information: new WHO toolkit for Integrated Vector management for Sub-Saharan Africa

By Pierre Bush, PhD Moderator | 11 Nov, 2016

Dear Colleagues,
The World Health Organization just published a new toolkit for Integrated Vector Management (IVM) for vector borne diseases in SSA.
According to WHO, IVM is “rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources for vector control”. Sub-Saharan Africa suffers from a high burden of vector borne diseases that include: malaria, lymphatic filariasis, dengue, cutaneous leishmaniasis,
visceral leishmaniasis, onchocerciasis, human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) and schistosomiasis. It also includes information on other viral diseases (Rift Valley fever, West Nile fever, chikungunya,yellow fever) and trachoma.

Malaria has re-surged in some central African countries despite good efforts that have been made in the past 15 years toward full control and possible elimination .The resurgence may be due in part to poor IVM programs. This new toolkit should help National Malaria Control Programs to streamline their own toolkit, and refocus on malaria control.

Vector Control
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samuel seisay Replied at 7:48 AM, 13 Nov 2016

thanks for this wonderful toolkit. i will forward this to other colleagues.

Shubha shrestha Replied at 10:42 AM, 13 Nov 2016

Is it applicable to South Asia

Menyanga Abu Replied at 3:36 PM, 13 Nov 2016

Hi Bush, thanks for this valuable resource.

Pierre Bush, PhD Moderator Replied at 4:39 PM, 13 Nov 2016

Hello Shubha,
Integrated Vector Management applies everywhere. This toolkit is specifically designed for Sub-Saharan Africa, but some aspects of it are applicable in every setting where there are vector borne diseases mentioned it, notably Malaria.

Manuel Lluberas Replied at 8:00 AM, 14 Nov 2016

The current implementation of the "tool kit" cannot be called IVM. LLINs and IRS are not IVM. Also, as long as we have vector-borne diseases circulating and we focus our attention on the disease while not doing what we can to reduce or eliminate their vector, we will continue to have these diseases affect those who have no access or say in these sort of discussions. In addition, focusing on one vector, as the current plans operate, does little to help the programs as the presence of other mosquitoes gives the impression that the plan implemented is not working. Mosquito-borne disease control needs to refocus its attention on controlling mosquitoes -all mosquitoes, not just a specific vector- if we truely want to reduce or eliminate malaria, filariasis, dengue, etc. It has been done before.

Gonzo Manyasi Replied at 8:38 AM, 15 Nov 2016

And then there is the ever present environmental impact concerns or
consequences/ramifications of such endeavors. For instance the suggestion
here that we get rid of ALL mosquitoes.

Menyanga Abu Replied at 9:26 AM, 15 Nov 2016

Hi Manyasi
The fact is not necessarily getting rid of the mosquitoes but to break the transmission of malaria. There could be mosquitoes around that are not carrying the malaria parasites so cannot transmit them.